Alexey M. Shchepochkin
Ivanovo State Polytechnical University
Julia A. Shchepochkina
Ivanovo State Polytechnical University
Shchepochkin A. M., Shchepochkina Ju. A. Sanitary and hygienic characteristics of the air en- vironment at flax plants. Technologies & Quality. 2023. No 2(60). P. 15–19. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.34216/2587-6147-2023-2-60-15-19.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.34216/2587-6147-2023-2-60-15-19
УДК: 677.03:504.05
Publish date: 2023-05-10
Annotation: Data on the state of the air environment at flax plants for a long period are given. It is noted that in studies conducted in the 30–70s of the last century, the main harmful production factor in the working rooms of flax mills is dust. However, dust is only one of the indicators of the sanitary and hygienic characte-ristics of the air environment of flax plants. Since the level of combine harvesting of flax reached 90 % by 1979 and the quality of flax products deteriorated, there was a need for comprehensive studies of the sanita- ry and hygienic characteristics of the air environment at flax plants. Such studies were carried out at four Belarusian flax mills (Dzerzhinsky, Volozhinsky, Slonimsky, Nesvizhsky) in 1980–1981. Comprehensive stu- dies provided for the assessment of the state of the air environment in the working rooms according to the following indicators: temperature and humidity conditions, air mobility, dustiness, the presence of microor- ganisms, the presence of odors. Since these studies were conducted after the almost complete transition to combine harvesting of flax, they may be of considerable interest for comparing the indicators with the data available at modern flax mills equipped with other technological equipment. In subsequent years, such com- prehensive studies were not carried out at flax mills using raw materials after combine harvesting.
Keywords: flax plant, air environment, sanitary and hygienic characteristics, complex research, dust, micro- organisms, smell
Literature list: 1. Rozenbaum N. D. Occupational hygiene in the textile industry*. Lecture 2–4. Moscow-Leningrad, State Social-Economic Publ., 1933. P. 69–73. (In Russ.) 2. Izrailovich D. L. Occupational hazards and hazards at flax primary processing plants*. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and sanitation]. 1936;3:47–54. (In Russ.) 3. Smirnov G. N., Zaichikova V. A., Kutanin A. F. Safety and industrial sanitation at flax plants*. Moscow, Gizlegprom Publ., 1953. 116 p. (In Russ.) 4. Bakalinskaya E. D. Some questions of occupational hygiene at flax and hemp factories*. Vrachebnoe delo [Medical business]. 1961;12:117–121. (In Russ.) 5. Sokolova A.V. Hygienic characteristics of working conditions at flax mills of the Pskov region*. Gigiena i sanitariya [Hygiene and sanitation]. 1962;7:51–54. (In Russ.) 6. Shumarina N. I. Dust factor and preventive anti-dust measures at enterprises producing and processing cotton and linen fibers*: abstract of the diss. cand. biol. science. Moscow, 1968. 21 p. (In Russ.) 7. Tolstikov V. A. Dustiness has become lower*. Len i konoplya [Flax and hemp]. 1974;10:33. (In Russ.) 8. Golubev V. A. Ventilation installations in the premises of the heat lobe* Len i konoplya [Flax and hemp]. 1979;2:30–31. (In Russ.) 9. Wark K., Warner C. Air pollution: Its origin and control. Translated from English. E. N. Teverovsky (ed.). Moscow, Mir Publ., 1980. 539 p. (In Russ.) 10. Shchepochkin A. M., Garasko E. V. About sampling of air for bacterial contamination in hard-to-reach places*. Ob otbore prob vozduha na bakterial'nuyu obsemenennost' v trudnodostupnyh mestah [Modern high-tech technologies and promising materials of textile and light industry: collection of articles of International Scientific and Technical. conf., May 24–27, 1999 (Progress-99)]. Ivanovo, Ivan. St. Text. Acad. Publ., 1999. Part 1. P. 133. (In Russ.) 11. Garasko E. V., Shchepochkin A. M. On the assessment of microbial contamination of textile raw materials, semi-finished products, waste and dust*. Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii. Seriya Teknologiya Tekstil'noi Promyshlennosti [Textile Industry Technology (Series Proceedings of Higher Educational Institutions)]. 2003;2:131–134. (In Russ.)
Author's info: Alexey M. Shchepochkin, Ivanovo State Polytechnical University, Ivanovo, Russia, alexeyshchepochkin@rambler.ru, https://orcid.org/0009-0008-0530-8350
Co-author's info: Julia A. Shchepochkina, Ivanovo State Polytechnical University, Ivanovo, Russia, julia2004ivanovo@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6792-8239